Learn how to trek safely in the Nepalese mountains
Here is some advice on how to remain safe while trekking/hiking on the trails.
Always walk on the wall side of the trail. You may encounter caravans of pack animals or porters carrying large loads. You wouldn’t want to be pushed off accidentally.
Don't listen to music using earphones as this will prevent you from hearing oncoming caravans of pack animals.
When you come across wet stones or rocks with algae on a wet trail, assume it is slippery and possibly dangerous.
You will come across fascinating sceneries, villages, people or wildlife. Stop to admire, observe or photograph them. There are plenty of stones and rocks on the path; you don’t want to trip on it and injure yourself.
Use Sunblock of factor 30 or more. Have a sun hat, warm hat, waterproof and 2 liters or more water to drink. Camelback is the best equipment to carry water as it provides easy access to water while trekking.
Walk at your own pace. Listen to your breathing. If you are huffing and puffing while trekking, then you are going too fast for your lungs. In altitude, you are seriously advised to take it slow and steady. If possible do not ascent more than 300 meters in a day. Have an acclimatization day every 1000 meters. Ascending too fast can lead to Acute Mountain Sickness. Sudden movements can cause you to be breathless or dizzy when you are at high altitude. Drink plenty of nonalcoholic fluid such as water, juice, hot chocolate, soup, etc. Try to minimize the intake of coffee and tea as both are diuretic which causes you to pee more. Do not take medicine that has suppressants such as codeine and or similar ingredient.
Every now and again trekkers go missing in the mountains. You would not want to be another statistic, would you? DO NOT travel solo in the wilderness. Always inform your embassy or family and friends when you need to go alone and give them your travel route. Inform them of your whereabouts via phone, text or email messages or social media when you have access to the internet or whenever you can.
When you are walking through landslide areas, look above for passing animals which can cause rock falls.
These precautions can be utilized for trekking safely in Tibet, Bhutan, Ladakh, Sikkim, and Darjeeling in India.
Do not pet or feed animals.
No matter how cute dogs, cows, buffaloes or other animals look, DO NOT pet them. One can never tell how the animal is feeling and you might get bitten. If you are trekking during the summer in the rain shadow areas of Ladakh, Upper Mustang, Upper Dolpo, Humla or Tibet be careful when you come across sheep or yak herders campsites. They have big Tibetan Mastiffs that can be aggressive as they are in a protective mode of their herds and flocks in the high summer pastures. Do be careful in early autumn when you approach high altitude villages of these mastiffs as they can still be in a protective mode when they have just arrived from the summer grazing pastures, they can and have given some nasty bites.
Learn how you too can be a safe hiker. Watch the video.
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