Despite being a small nation of fewer than 30 million citizens, Nepal is rich in diversity its people, culture, and ethnicity. There only a few places in the world that have such a harmonious blend of cultures. Discover about the Newari founders of Kathmandu valley or ride a bullock cart in the Terai region and discover the fascinating mix of cultures in this nation.
Nepal's geographical settings are divided into three layers - Terai region (flat land), Middle hills and the Himalayan region. The Himalayan region is home to the legendary Sherpas, renowned for their mountaineering prowess.
Tenzing Norgay is one of the first to climb Everest is the best known amongst the Sherpas. The people of the Himalayan region follow Tibetan Buddhism and some inhabitants of this region practice the ancient Bon religion. Trekking is the best way to see the Northern mountainous area to see a vibrant mix of lifestyle and culture.
The middle hills of Nepal are populated by many ethnic groups such as the Limbus, Rais, Magar, Gurungs, Tamangs, Newars, Chettris and Brahmins. These ethnic groups had their own principalities before the unification of the country. They still have their dialects, independent culture, religion, cuisine, music, dance and unique architecture that is distinct.
Newars are indigenous to the Kathmandu Valley. They are rich in metal works, arts, crafts, building castles and temples. The Chettries (Khas) and Brahmins are Hindus by religions. The historians state they are ancient settlers of Karnali region of Nepal. They have brought their cultural values wherever they resettled.
The Terai is home of the Madhesis and Tharu tribes. The Indo Aryan and Hindu religion influence Their unique lifestyle, cultures and social life. Their customs, art, pottery, traditions, and languages are similar to India. The people of Nepal wear light cotton clothes, and they work hard despite being in a hot environment.
Terai is the home of Tharu tribes and Madhesis. They have distinctive cultures and lifestyle, though Aryan culture and Hindu religion influence their social life. The tradition, custom, art & pottery, and language resemble the ancient Aryan culture and civilization. Being a hot province of Nepal, people of Terai region wear light, cotton, clothes, but, yet, works hard during the daytime.