Vivaha Panchami 1st December 2019
2018 - December 12 (Wednesday)

Vivaha Panchami is a celebration to commemorate the eternal marriage of Lor Ram (The prince of Ayodhya) and Princess Sita of Janakpur in the form of an auspicious Hindu festival.

It is observed during the fifth day of Shukla Paksha - the bright fortnight during the month of Mangshir on the Hindu calendar. This festival usually takes place during late November or early December on the Gregorian calendar. This festival is celebrated mainly in Northern India, Mithilanchal and parts of Nepal.

King Janak of Mithila now known as Janakpur organized a "Swayambar" ceremony according to the Hindu epic Ramayana. He invited many kings from various kingdoms for his daughter Sita to choose a suitable groom from the attendees. The condition for the potential groom was to lift Shiva's Bow (Dhanush), string it, to be selected to marry Sita.

Thousands of Kings and Princes tried to do the feat, but most failed and were not even able to move it a bit. Along came Ram, the prince of Ayodhya who managed to lift this large and heavy bow of Shiva and strung it. The enthusiastic burst into applause and flowers rained from the heavens. Hence, Princess Sita was married off to Lord Ram.

People have been celebrating Vivaha Panchami with massive dedication to immortalize the wedding ceremony of Lord Ram and Devi Sita.


Vivaha Panchami Ceremony
Vivaha Panchami is celebrated with great zeal and ardor in Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Ram.

On this day the numerous ancient temples are adorned with flowers and light. A marvelous wedding procession takes place. It passes by the numerous ancient temples during the day. The wedding ceremony is concluded with the idols that symbolize of Ram and Sita.

Millions of Hindus come to witness this momentous event from all over India and the world. The devotees sing devotional songs and chants from the Ramayana epic. Elaborate rites are conducted in the temples with the statues of Ram and Sita.  Many devotees from Mithila get dressed in their ancestral attire, go to Ayodhya to perform on the stage. This magnificent event is known as Ram Vivah Utsav.

Many cultural shows, stage performances are also commonly organized for this occasion by various communities other than the festivities that take place at the temples.

Ramleela depicts the lives of Lord Ram and Sita are observed with great enthusiasm. Male actors enact both the male and female roles of the epic Ramayana. Ayodhya becomes exciting and colorful with the numerous tourists, pilgrims, and locals performing various rituals.

This festival also symbolizes the high bond and association between India and Nepal. It is prevalent in the historical and spiritual city of Janakpur in Nepal.  The best time to visit Janakpur is during the festival of Vivaha Panchami to observe the ancient culture and traditional values of this place.

Winter Festival in Nepal - Vivaha Panchami

The Vivaha Panchami observance takes place at the Janaki Temple for seven days in a row. The entire Janaki temple is adorned and highlighted as a "Mandap" (a sacred tent that is used for Hindu weddings) during this time. The statues of Ram and Sita are brought to the Mandap, and they are cosmeticized as bride and groom with traditional wedding attire and jewelry.

The holy matrimony ritual of Lord Ram and Sita takes place with great zeal with chanting and singing devotional songs to worship the idols. Delightful traditional food is served to the ordinary people as part of the holy meal in the many temples. Janakpur comes to life during this festival, and it is jam-packed with both Hindu pilgrims and tourists alike.